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Research & Clinical Trials

Research & Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials


Publications

Your physicians at Texas Children’s Fetal Center® have published a number of articles that have contributed to the diagnosis and treatment of many different fetal anomalies. Below is a partial list.
 
Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH)
Ruano R, Javadian P, Kailin JA, Maskatia SA, Shamshirsaz AA, Cass DL, Zamora IJ, Sangi-Haghpeykar H, Lee TC, Ayres NA, Mehollin-Ray A, Cassady CI, Fernandes C, Welty S, Belfort MA, Olutoye OO. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Jun;45(6):683-8. Epub 2015 May 4.  
 
Britto IS, Olutoye OO, Cass DL, Zamora IJ, Lee TC, Cassady CI, Mehollin-Ray A, Welty S, Fernandes C, Belfort MA, Lee W, Ruano R. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Nov 4. doi: 10.1002/uog.14718. PMID: 25366655
 
Abbas PI, Cass DL, Olutoye OO, Zamora IJ, Akinkuotu AC, Sheikh F, Welty SE, Lee TC. J Pediatr Surg. 2015 May;50(5):739-43. 2015 Feb 20.
 
Akinkuotu AC, Sheikh F, Cass DL, Lee TC, Welty SE, Kearney DL, Olutoye OO. Pediatr Surg Int. 2015 May;31(5):501-4. Epub 2015 Feb 13.
 
Akinkuotu AC, Cruz SM, Cass DL, Cassady CI, Mehollin-Ray AR, Williams JL, Lee TC, Ruano R, Welty SE, Olutoye OO. J Surg Res. 2015 Apr 3. 
 
Akinkuotu AC, Sheikh F, Cass DL, Zamora IJ, Lee TC, Cassady CI, Mehollin-Ray AR, Williams JL, Ruano R, Welty SE, Olutoye OO. J Pediatr Surg. 2015 Jan;50(1):55-9. Epub 2014 Dec 19.
 
Britto IS, Olutoye OO, Cass DL, Zamora IJ, Lee TC, Cassady CI, Mehollin-Ray A, Welty S, Fernandes C, Belfort MA, Lee W, Ruano R. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Nov 4. 
 
Ruano R, Lazar DA, Cass DL, Zamora IJ, Lee TC, Cassady CI, Mehollin-Ray A, Welty S, Fernandes CJ, Haeri S, Belfort MA, Olutoye OO. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Jun;43(6):662-9. 
 
Zamora IJ, Olutoye OO, Cass DL, Fallon SC, Lazar DA, Cassady CI, Mehollin-Ray AR, Welty SE, Ruano R, Belfort MA, Lee TC. J Pediatr Surg. 2014 May;49(5):688-93. Epub 2014 Feb 22.
 
Ruano R, Ali RA, Patel P, Cass D, Olutoye O, Belfort MA. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 2014 Mar;69(3):147-58. doi: 10.1097/OGX.0000000000000045. Review. 
 
Salmanian B, Shamshirsaz AA, Cass DL, Javadian P, Ruano R, Ayres NA, Mehollin-Ray A, Belfort MA. Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Feb;123(2 Pt 2 Suppl 2):447-50. 
 
Fallon SC, Cass DL, Olutoye OO, Zamora IJ, Lazar DA, Larimer EL, Welty SE, Moise AA, Demny AB, Lee TC. J Pediatr Surg. 2013 Jun;48(6):1172-6. 
 
Zamora IJ, Cass DL, Lee TC, Welty S, Cassady CI, Mehollin-Ray AR, Fallon SC, Ruano R, Belfort MA, Olutoye OO. J Pediatr Surg. 2013 Jun;48(6):1165-71. 
 
Mehollin-Ray AR, Cassady CI, Cass DL, Olutoye OO. Radiographics. 2012 Jul-Aug;32(4):1067-84. 
 
Lazar DA, Ruano R, Cass DL, Moise KJ Jr, Johnson A, Lee TC, Cassady CI, Olutoye OO. J Pediatr Surg. 2012 Jun;47(6):1058-62. 
 
Cassady CI, Mehollin-Ray AR, Olutoye OO, Cass DL. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2011;30(3):225-8. Epub 2011 Sep 28.
 
Lazar DA, Cass DL, Rodriguez MA, Hassan SF, Cassady CI, Johnson YR, Johnson KE, Johnson A, Moise KJ, Belleza-Bascon B, Olutoye OO. J Pediatr Surg. 2011 May;46(5):808-13. 
 
Cass DL.Semin Perinatol. 2005 Apr;29(2):104-11. Review.
 
Longitudinal assessment of two-dimensional ultrasonographic lung measurements in fetuses with isolated left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia. 
Ruano R, Britto IS, Sangi-Haghpeykar H, Bussamra LC, da Silva MM, Belfot MA, Deter RL, Lee W, Tannuri U, Zugaib M. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol  2015. 45:566-71. PMID: 24862641
 
Growth patterns of fetal lung volumes in healthy fetuses and fetuses with isolated left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia.  
Ruano R, Werneck IS, Sananes N, Sangi-Haghpeykar H, Lee W, Deter RL. Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine, in press.

CHAOS

Ruano R, Cass DL, Rieger M, Javadian P, Shamshirsaz AA, Olutoye OO, Belfort MA.Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Jan;43(1):102-3.

Congenital Heart Disease

Morris SA, Ethen MK, Penny DJ, Canfield MA, Minard CG, Fixler DE, Nembhard WN. Circulation. 2013 Oct 17. Falkensammer CB, Ayres NA, Altman CA, Ge S, Bezold LI, Eidem BW,   
 
Kovalchin JP. Am J Perinatol. 2008 May;25(5):277-81. Epub 2008 Apr 9.  
 
Slesnick TC, Ayres NA, Altman CA, Bezold LI, Eidem BW, Fraley JK, Kung GC, McMahon CJ, Pignatelli RH, Kovalchin JP. Am J Cardiol. 2005 Aug 15;96(4):599-601.  
 
Rychik J, Ayres N, Cuneo B, Gotteiner N, Hornberger L, Spevak PJ, Van Der Veld M. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2004 Jul;17(7):803-10. No abstract available.  
 
John JB, Bricker JT, Fenrich AL, Vick GW, El-Said HG, Ayres NA, Bezold LI. Circulation. 2002 Jul 2;106(1):141-2. No abstract available.

EXIT Procedures

Lazar DA, Cassady CI, Olutoye OO, Moise KJ Jr, Johnson A, Lee TC, Cass DL. J Pediatr Surg. 2012 Jan;47(1):46-50.
 
Garcia PJ, Olutoye OO, Ivey RT, Olutoye OA. . Anesthesiology. 2011 Jun;114(6):1446-52. No abstract available.  
 
Lazar DA, Olutoye OO, Moise KJ Jr, Ivey RT, Johnson A, Ayres N, Olutoye OA, Rodriguez MA, Cass DL. J Pediatr Surg. 2011 May;46(5):817-22.

Extra-corporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO)

Zamora IJ, Shekerdemian L, Fallon SC, Olutoye OO, Cass DL, Rycus PL, Burgman C, Lee TC. J Pediatr Surg. 2014 Oct;49(10):1452-7. Epub 2014 Sep 8.
 
Fallon SC, Shekerdemian LS, Olutoye OO, Cass DL, Zamora IJ, Nguyen T, Kim ES, Larimer EL, Lee TC. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2013 May;14(4):366-73.  
 
Lazar DA, Cass DL, Olutoye OO, Welty SE, Fernandes CJ, Rycus PT, Lee TC. J Surg Res. 2012 Oct;177(2):263-7. Epub 2012 Aug 10.  
 
Lazar DA, Cass DL, Olutoye OO, Welty SE, Fernandes CJ, Rycus PT, Lee TC. J Surg Res. 2012 Aug 10. [Epub ahead of print]  
 
Stark RJ, Naik-Mathuria BJ, Lam FW, Olutoye OO, Sutton VR, Shekerdemian LS. ASAIO J. 2012 Jul;58(4):438-9
 
Lazar DA, Olutoye OO, Cass DL, Fernandes CJ, Welty SE, Johnson KE, Rycus PT, Lee TC. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2012 Mar;13(2):188-90.  
 
Lazar DA, Cass DL, Olutoye OO, Kim ES, Welty SE, Fernandes CJ, Lee TC. J Pediatr Surg. 2012 Feb;47(2):430-4.  
 
Cassady CI, Mehollin-Ray AR, Olutoye OO, Cass DL. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2011;30(3):225-8. Epub 2011 Sep 28.  

Fetal Diagnosis

Fallon SC, Ethun CG, Olutoye OO, Brandt ML, Lee TC, Welty SE, Ruano R, Cass DL. J Surg Res. 2014 Jul;190(1):242-5. Epub 2014 Mar 27.
 
Ethun CG, Fallon SC, Cassady CI, Mehollin-Ray AR, Olutoye OO, Zamora IJ, Lee TC, Welty SE, Cass DL. J Pediatr Surg. 2014 May;49(5):712-5. Epub 2014 Feb 22.
 
Santos XM, Papanna R, Johnson A, Cass DL, Olutoye OO, Moise KJ, Jr, Belleza-Bascon B, Cassady CI. Prenat Diagn. 2010 May;30(5):402-7.

Prenatal Diagnosis of Renal Vein Thrombosis: A Case Report and Literature Review.
Moaddab A, Shamshirsaz AA, Ruano R, Salmanian B, Lee W, et al. Fetal diagnosis and therapy. 2015; PubMed [journal]    

Evaluation of the prenatally diagnosed mass.
Lee TC, Olutoye OO. Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. 2012 Aug;17(4):185-91. Epub 2012 Mar 15. 

Impact of prenatal diagnosis and therapy on neonatal surgery.
Cass DL. Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. 2011 Jun;16(3):130-8. Epub 2011 May 6. Review.

Prenatal diagnosis of CLOVES syndrome confirmed by detection of a mosaic PIK3CA mutation in cultured amniocytes
Emrick LT, Murphy L, Shamshirsaz AA, Ruano R, Cassady CI, Liu L, Chang F, Sutton VR, Li M, Van den Veyver IB. Am J Med Genet A. 2014 Oct;164A(10):2633-7. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.36672. Epub 2014 Jul 14.


Fetal Echocardiography

Espinoza J, Lee W, Viñals F, Martinez JM, Bennasar M, Rizzo G, Belfort M. J Ultrasound Med. 2014;33:1079-84.  PMID: 24866615
 
Donofrio MT, Moon-Grady AJ, Hornberger LK, Copel J, Sklansky MS, Abuhamad A, Cuneo BF, Huhta JC, Jonas RA, Krishnan A, Lacey DO, Lee W, Michelfelder EC, Rempel GR, Silverman NH, Spray TL, Strassburger JF, Tworetzky W, Rychik J. Circulation 2014; 129:  2183-242.      
 
Task Force Chair. American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine. J Ultrasound Med 2013; 32: 1067 – 1082.    
 
Carvalho JS, Allan LD, Chaoui R, Copel JA, DeVore GR, Hecher K, Lee W, Munoz H, Paladini D, Tutschek B, Yagel S. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2013; 41: 348-59. 
 
Lee W.  Referee commentary. A. Sotiriadis, S. Papatheodorou, M.  Eleftheriades, and G Makrydimas.  Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol  2013; 42: 373. 
 
Hamill N, Romero R, Hassan S, Lee W, Myers SA, Mittal P, Kusanovic JP, Balasubramaniam M, Chaiworapongsa T, Vaisbuch E, Espinoza J, Gotsch F, Goncalves LF, Mazaki-Tovi S, Erez O, Hernandez-Andrade E, Yeo L. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2013; 208:153.e1-13. 

Fetal Gastrointestinal Problems

Cass DL, Wesson DE.Clin Perinatol. 2002 Mar;29(1):1-21. Review.

Fetal Growth

Deter RL, Lee W, Sangi-Haghpeykar H, Tarca AL, Yeo L, Romero R. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2015; 28: 745-54. Jun 17: 1-11. PMID: 24936858
 
Deter RL, Lee W, Sangi-Haghpeykar H, Tarca AL, Yeo L, Romero R. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2015; 28: 745-54. PMID: 24993892
 
Britto IS, Araujo Júnior E, Sangi-Haghpeykar H, Bussamra LC, Deter RL, Belfort MA, Lee W, Ruano R. J Ultrasound Med. 2014; 33: 1917-23.  PMID: 25336478
 

Customized growth curves for the identification of large-for-gestational age neonates delivered to pre-eclamptic women.
Espinoza J, Lee W, Martin SR, Belfort MA. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2014; 43:165-9. 

Individualized fetal growth assessment: critical evaluation of key concepts in the specification of third trimester size trajectories.
Deter RL, Lee W, Sangi-Haghpeykar H, Tarca AL, Yeo L, Romero R.  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2014; 27: 543-51.   

Prospective validation of fetal weight estimation using fractional limb volume.
Lee W, Deter R, Sangi-Haghpeykar H, Yeo L, Romero R. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2013; 41: 198-203.  

Deter RL, Lee W, Sangi-Haghpeykar H, Tarca AL, Li J, Yeo L, Romero R.  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2015 Sep 25:1-9. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25491881
 
Does the use of automated fetal biometry improve clinical workflow efficiency?
Espinoza J, Good S, Russell E, Lee W.  J Ultrasound Med 2013; 32:847-50. 

Giant Neck Masses

Prenatally diagnosed neck masses: long-term outcomes and quality of life.
Sheikh F, Akinkuotu A, Olutoye OO, Pimpalwar S, Cassady CI, Fernandes CJ, Ruano R, Lee TC, Cass DL. J Pediatr Surg. 2015 Jul;50(7):1210-3. Epub 2015 Mar 21.

Olutoye OO, Olutoye OA. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2012 Jun;24(3):386-93.  
 
Lazar DA, Cassady CI, Olutoye OO, Moise KJ Jr, Johnson A, Lee TC, Cass DL. J Pediatr Surg. 2012 Jan;47(1):46-50.  
 
Lazar DA, Olutoye OO, Moise KJ Jr, Ivey RT, Johnson A, Ayres N, Olutoye OA, Rodriguez MA, Cass DL. J Pediatr Surg. 2011  May;46(5):817-22.

Indications for Fetal Surgery and Treatment

Zamora IJ, Sheikh F, Olutoye OO, Cassady CI, Lee TC, Ruano R, Cass DL. J Pediatr Surg. 2014 May;49(5):706-11. Epub 2014 Feb 22. Review.  
 
Cass DL, Olutoye OO, Ayres NA, Moise KJ Jr, Altman CA, Johnson A, Cassady CI, Lazar DA, Lee TC, Lantin MR.  J Pediatr Surg. 2012 Jan;47(1):40-5.  
 
Cass DL. Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. 2011 Jun;16(3):130-8. Epub 2011 May 6. Review. [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Lower Urinary Tract Obstruction (LUTO)

Fetal Lower Urinary Tract Obstruction - A proposal of Standardized Multidisciplinary Prenatal Management based on Disease Severity
Rodrigo Ruano, Nicolas Sananes, Clark Wilson, Jason Au, Chester J. Koh, Patricio Gargollo, Alireza A. Shamshirsaz, Jimmy Espinoza, Adnan Safdar, Amirhossein Moaddab, Nicolas Meyer, Darrell L. Cass, Oluyinka O. Olutoye, Olutoyin A. Olutoye, Stephen Welty, David R. Roth, Michael C. Braun, Michael A. Belfort; Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Dec 22. doi: 10.1002/uog.15844. [Epub ahead of print]

Defining and predicting ‘intrauterine fetal renal failure’ in congenital lower urinary tract obstruction
Rodrigo Ruano, Adnan Safdar, Jason Au, Chester J. Koh, Patricio Gargollo, Alireza A. Shamshirsaz, Jimmy Espinoza, Darrell L. Cass, Oluyinka O. Olutoye, Olutoyin A. Olutoye, Stephen Welty, David R. Roth, Michael A. Belfort, Michael C. Braun; Pediatr Nephrol. 2016 Apr;31(4):605-12. doi: 10.1007/s00467-015-3246-8. Epub 2015 Nov 2.

Prenatal Diagnosis and Perinatal Outcomes of Congenital Megalourethra: A Multicenter Cohort Study and Systematic Review of the Literature
Amirhossein Moaddab, Nicolas Sananes, Simone Hernandez-Ruano, Ingrid Schwach Werneck Britto, Yair Blumenfeld, François Stoll, Romain Favre, Rodrigo Ruanol; J Ultrasound Med. 2015 Nov;34(11):2057-64. doi: 10.7863/ultra.14.12064. Epub 2015 Oct 7.

Ruano R, Sananes N, Sangi-Haghpeykar H, Hernandez-Ruano S, Moog R, Becmeur F, Zaloszyc A, Giron AM, Morin B, Favre R. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Apr;45(4):452-8. Epub 2015 Mar 2.   
 
Ethun CG, Zamora IJ, Roth DR, Kale A, Cisek L, Belfort MA, Haeri S, Ruano R,Welty SE, Cassady CI, Olutoye OO, Cass DL. J Pediatr Surg. 2013 May;48(5):956-62.

Lung Lesions/CCAM

Akinkuotu AC, Sheikh F, Cass DL, Zamora IJ, Lee TC, Cassady CI, Mehollin-Ray AR, Williams JL, Ruano R, Welty SE, Olutoye OO. J Pediatr Surg. 2015 Jan;50(1):55-9. Epub 2014 Dec 19
 
Zamora IJ, Sheikh F, Cassady CI, Olutoye OO, Mehollin-Ray AR, Ruano R, Lee TC, Welty SE, Belfort MA, Ethun CG, Kim ME, Cass DL. J Pediatr Surg. 2014 Jun;49(6):853-8; discussion 858.     
 
Cass DL, Olutoye OO, Cassady CI, Zamora IJ, Ivey RT, Ayres NA, Olutoye OA, Lee TC. J Pediatr Surg. 2013 Jan;48(1):138-44.     
 
Cass DL, Olutoye OO, Ayres NA, Moise KJ Jr, Altman CA, Johnson A, Cassady CI, Lazar DA, Lee TC, Lantin MR.  J Pediatr Surg. 2012 Jan;47(1):40-5.    
 
Lazar DA, Cass DL, Dishop MK, Adam K, Olutoye OA, Ayres NA, Cassady CI, Olutoye OO. J Pediatr Surg. 2011 Jun;46(6):1263-6.   
 
Cass DL, Olutoye OO, Cassady CI, Moise KJ, Johnson A, Papanna R, Lazar DA, Ayres NA, Belleza-Bascon B.  J Pediatr Surg. 2011 Feb;46(2):292-8.    
 
Miniati DN, Chintagumpala M, Langston C, Dishop MK, Olutoye OO, Nuchtern JG, Cass DL. J Pediatr Surg. 2006 Jan;41(1):66-71.    
 
Elevated platelet-derived growth factor-B in congenital cystic adenomatoid malformations requiring fetal resection.
Liechty KW, Crombleholme TM, Quinn TM, Cass DL, Flake AW, Adzick NS. J Pediatr Surg. 1999 May;34(5):805-9; discussion 809-10. J Pediatr Surg. 2015 Jan;50(1):55-9. Epub 2014 Dec 19
 
Cass DL, Quinn TM, Yang EY, Liechty KW, Crombleholme TM, Flake AW, Adzick NS.J Pediatr Surg. 1998 Jul;33(7):1043-6; discussion 1047.
 
Cass DL, Crombleholme TM, Howell LJ, Stafford PW, Ruchelli ED, Adzick NS. J Pediatr Surg. 1997 Jul;32(7):986-90.

Maternal Outcomes following Fetal Surgery

Zamora IJ, Ethun CG, Evans LM, Olutoye OO, Ivey RT, Haeri S, Belfort MA, Lee TC, Cass DL.J Pediatr Surg. 2013 May;48(5):951-5.

Multiple Gestations

Boyer A, Cameron L, Munoz-Maldonado Y, Bronsteen R, Comstock CH, Lee W, Goncalves LF. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2014;211:506.e1-9. PMID: 24881831
 
Does Early Second-Trimester Sonography Predict Adverse Perinatal Outcomes in Monochorionic Diamniotic Twin Pregnancies?
M Baraa Allaf, Winston A Campbell, Anthony M Vintzileos, Sina Haeri, Pouya Javadian, Amir A Shamshirsaz, Paul Ogburn, Reinaldo Figueroa, Joseph Wax, Glenn Markenson, [...], Rodrigo Ruano, Haleh Sangi-Haghpeykar, Bahram Salmanian, Marjorie Meyer, Jeffery Johnson, Ali Ozhand, Sarah Davis, Adam Borgida, Michael A Belfort, Alireza A Shamshirsaz; J Ultrasound Med. 2014 Sep;33(9):1573-8. doi: 10.7863/ultra.33.9.1573.

Neural Tube Defects (NTD)

Belfort MA, Whitehead WE, Shamshirsaz AA, Ruano R, Cass DL, Olutoya OO. Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Apr 28. [Epub ahead of print] 
 
Blumenthal-Barby JS, Krieger H, Wei A, Kim D, Olutoye OO, Cass DL. J Perinat Med. 2015 Apr 14. pii: /j/jpme.ahead-of-print/jpm-2015-0039/jpm-2015-0039.xml. [Epub ahead of print]

Abdominal Wall Defects

Diagnosis of pentalogy of cantrell in the fetus using magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound.
McMahon CJ, Taylor MD, Cassady CI, Olutoye OO, Bezold LI. Pediatr Cardiol. 2007 May-Jun;28(3):172-5. Epub 2007 Mar 20.

Embryologic variants of pentalogy of Cantrell.
Kaul B, Sheikh F, Zamora IJ, Mehollin-Ray AR, Cassady CI, Ayres NA, Cass DL, Olutoye OO. J Surg Res. 2015 Apr 9. [Epub ahead of print]


Sacrococcygeal Teratoma (SCT)

Rodriguez MA, Cass DL, Lazar DA, Cassady CI, Moise KJ, Johnson A, Mushin OP, Hassan SF, Belleza-Bascon B, Olutoye OO. J Pediatr Surg. 2011 Jun;46(6):1182-5.

Twin-Twin Transfusion Syndrome

Shamshirsaz AA, Javadian P, Ruano R, Haeri S, Sangi-Haghpeykar H, Lee TC, Molohon J, Cass DL, Salmanian B, Mollett L, Moaddab A, Espinosa J, Olutoye OO, Belfort MA.. Prenat Diagn. 2015 Apr;35(4):376-81. Epub 2015 Mar 1.   
 
Ruano R, Rodo C, Peiro JL, Shamshirsaz AA, Haeri S, Nomura ML, Salustiano EM, de Andrade KK, Sangi-Haghpeykar H, Carreras E, Belfort MA.. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2013 Oct;42(4):434-9. Epub 2013 Sep 2. 

Fetal Wound Healing, Fetal Response to Fetal Surgery

Naik-Mathuria B, Gay AN, Zhu X, Yu L, Cass DL, Olutoye OO. J Pediatr Surg. 2007 Jan;42(1):166-71.   
 
Olutoye OO, Zhu X, Cass DL, Smith CW. Pediatr Res. 2005 Dec;58(6):1290-4.   

Fetal Neurosonography

Magnetic resonance diffusion-weighted imaging: reproducibility of regional apparent diffusion coefficients for the normal fetal brain
Boyer AC, Gonçalves LF, Lee W, Shetty A, Holman A, Yeo L, Romero R. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2013; 41:190-7.

Shetty AN, Chiang S, Maletic-Savatic M, Kasprian G, Vannucci M, Lee W. Spatial mapping of translational diffusion coefficients using diffusion tensor imaging: a mathematical description. Concepts Magn Reson Part A Bridg Educ Res 2014; 43: 1-27.     


Vasa previa

Vasa previa: clinical presentations, outcomes, and implications for management
Bronsteen R, Whitten A, Balasubramanian M, Lee W, Lorenz R, Redman M, Goncalves L,  Seubert D, Bauer S, Comstock C..  Obstet Gynecol  2013; 122: 352-7.

Fetoscopic laser ablation of vasa previa for a fetus with a giant cervical lymphatic malformation.
Hosseinzadeh P, Shamshirsaz AA, Cass DL, Espinoza J, Lee W, Salmanian B, Ruano R, Belfort MA. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Jan 22.  


Fetal Doppler

ISUOG Practice Guidelines: use of Doppler ultrasonography in obstetrics
Bhide A, Acharya G, Bilardo CM, Brezinka C, Cafici D, Hernandez-Andrade E, Kalache K, Kingdom J, Kiserud T, Lee W, Lees C, Leung KY, Malinger G, Mari G, Prefumo F, Sepulveda W and Trudinger B. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2013; 41: 233-239.


Amniotic band syndrome

Perinatal outcome after fetoscopic release of amniotic bands: a single-center experience and review of the literature
Pouya Javadian, Alireza A Shamshirsaz, Sina Haeri, Rodrigo Ruano, Susan M Ramin, Darrell Cass, Oluyinka O Olutoye, Michael A Belfort Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2013 Oct;42(4):449-55. doi: 10.1002/uog.12510